Prime Minister of India, Modi Lays Foundation stone of a Hindu Temple, Ram Mandir on the Site of Muslim Mosque, Babri Masjid
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By Nazarul Islam, Edited by Adam Rizvi, New York, TIO: In rare moments of ecstasy and triumph, which India’s Hindu nationalists had worked hard for years, to achieve— Prime Minister Narendra Modi went on to lay the ceremonial cornerstone—for a new Hindu temple at the site where a grand mosqueBabri Masjid of 15 century stood in Ayodhya. For decades, Hindus and Muslims have clashed over the Ayodhya smite, setting off waves of sectarian violence that have killed thousands and demolished the Mosque.
As Mr. Modi sat cross-legged and chanted mantras in front of a Hindu priest today, part of the elaborate groundbreaking ceremony for the temple, it was the fulfillment of a promise to his Hindu political base and an unmistakable milestone in his efforts to shift India’s secular foundations toward a more overtly Hindu identity.
Millions of Indians watched the ceremony on television or on social media. But because of the coronavirus pandemic, the gathering in Ayodhya itself was more muted than originally planned, with the crowds kept away. Hindu priests chose Wednesday, and specifically at 12:44 p.m., as the most auspicious time to begin building the new temple.
With the television cameras rolling, Mr. Modi took center stage. He performed Hindu rituals, such as offering holy water and putting a red mark on his forehead, alongside some of India’s most avowed Hindu nationalists. They had included Yogi Adityanath, the firebrand Hindu monk turned Chief Minister of the state of Uttar Pradesh and Mohan Bhagwat, the leader of the R.S.S., a Hindu supremacist group, whose members helped tear down the mosque that used to stand in Ayodhya.
“The wait of centuries is coming to an end,” Mr. Modi proclaimed.
Mr. Modi’s triumphal moment collides with a tough reality. India has been spanked hard by the coronavirus, racking up more infections than any other nation besides the United States and Brazil. The virus is cutting through India’s political class, including some people close to Mr. Modi.
In the past few days, Dharmendra Pradhan, the oil minister, and Amit Shah, the home minister who is widely considered India’s second-most-powerful person after Mr. Modi, came down with the coronavirus and have been hospitalized. Several other top politicians have fallen sick.
And the economy has fallen into a deep well. Economists have predicted that more than 100 million Indians lost their jobs or are in serious danger of losing them. As factories shut down and people retreated to their homes under coronavirus lockdown rules, some of which still stand, tens of millions of laborers poured out of the cities, making harrowing journeys back into the countryside, dreadful journeys back into the countryside where they hoped to rely on their rural families to survive.
Some economists have predicted that India’s once-booming economy could contract by almost a tenth, then tipping millions back into poverty.
In that environment, for many Indian Hindus, Mr. Modi’s Ayodhya ceremony was a captivating distraction. It symbolized Mr. Modi’s “total domination over India,” a shared political commentator.
The intent, she said, is for Mr. Modi to show that he and his party are “building a Hindu nation and that India is a Hindu-majority country, not the Nehruvian secular India that we have known for the last 70 years.”
All week, government officials have been prepping the site. The fire brigade has been hosing down Ayodhya’s streets with sanitizer. Saffron flags — it is the holy color for Hinduism — fluttered from nearby rooftops, and houses around the temple site had been hastily splashed with a coat of fresh paint. Security officers chalked out the precise spot for Mr. Modi to fly in by military helicopter.
Aug. 5, coincides with the anniversary of Mr. Modi’s move on Kashmir, another political gift to Hindu nationalists. On Aug. 5, 2019, Mr. Modi’s government hurriedly announced that it was eradicating the special status of Jammu and -Kashmir, India’ only Muslim majority state, bifurcating the territory and turning it into a federal enclave.
Kashmiris saw this as a betrayal of decades of policy that allowed Kashmir a certain degree of autonomy, and thousands of Kashmiris were rounded up and arrested. Some Kashmiri leaders still remain in detention.
A few months later, Mr. Modi’s government passed a citizenship law that blatantly discriminated against Muslims. That law proved incredibly divisive, setting off nationwide protests that formed the biggest challenge yet to Mr. Modi’s agenda and put him on the defensive for the first time.
Mr. Modi’s participation in Ayodhya is seen in this light, as another decisive step toward an India that officially favors its Hindu majority — about 80 percent of the country is Hindu, 14 percent Muslim.
“The last 15 months have seen a more systematic and ruthless action toward rewriting the constitution and ushering in a new grammar of state power,” a popular analyst who wrote in a column this week in The Indian Express, one of India’s leading progressive newspapers. “The new republic is founded on a militant culture of majoritarianism.”
India’s Muslim community has mostly stayed quiet about Ayodhya, accepting defeat.
In November, India’s Supreme Court had provided the green signal for the construction of the Hindu temple on the site where the mosque had stood before Hindu devotees destroyed it in 1992 with sledgehammers and their bare hands. Mr. Modi’s party has cast its quest to build a temple as a key step in establishing India as overtly Hindu, wiping away centuries of oppression at the hands of the Muslim Mughal Empire and British colonialists.
Many independent analysts saw the Supreme Court’s decision as a capitulation to the majoritarian politics of Mr. Modi and his Bharatiya Janata Party and RSS.
Many Hindus believe that the disputed site was the birthplace of their revered god Ram and that an earlier temple for Ram was demolished during the Mughal rule to build the mosque. The case had been tossing and turning in Indian courts since the 1950s.
After Hindu supremacists destroyed the Babri Mosque in 1992, it had set off riots across the country that had killed around 2,000 people. The Ayodhya shock waves continued for years; the widespread religious massacres in Gujarat under Modi Regime, the present Prime Minister was the Chief Minister of Gujarat than in 2002 were connected to Ayodhya as well.
In place of the mosque, Hindus erected a tent resembling a temple, and before the coronavirus hit, countless tourists visited it. When the case reached the Supreme Court in 2010, the deity Ram was given legal standing, awkwardly pitting the god Hindus revere most against the Muslim parties in the suit.
The mosque that had stood on the site was built in the 1500s during the Mughal rule, a period that many right-wing Hindus feel bitterly about, seeing it as subjugation under Muslim occupation. Although monuments like the Taj Mahal — also built under the Mughals — are some of India’s most celebrated sites, Hindu hard-liners see them as testaments of past oppression.
The obvious plan is to build an expansive stone temple on a raised platform with multiple turrets, pillars and domes, and many intricate carvings. Though no shovels or bulldozers were visible at Wednesday’s groundbreaking ceremony, construction crews have already commenced clearing the site.
They have to build this temple with a feeling of brotherhood, as the icon of hope and unity—not division of India.